Floratam St. Augustine grass was released in the early 1970s by the Florida and Texas agricultural experiment stations as a chinch bug resistant turfgrass (hence the name FLORATAM.  Floratam is a vigorous, coarse textured St. Augustine grass variety.  Stolons of Floratam are large, purplish-red in color with internodes averaging 3 inches in length.  Leaf blades are wider and longer than common St. Augustine grass.  Floratam is not as cold tolerant as common St. Augustine and may suffer freeze damage when temperatures fall below freezing for extended periods.  According to James Beard, TAEX turf researcher, tests at A&M concluded it is the most drought tolerant of all St. Augustine grasses.  In recent drought studies it has shown a drought tolerance comparable to Buffalo grass.

Light Requirements: Floratam St. Augustine has very good shade tolerance. St. Augustine can tolerate as little as 3 hours of sun per day. 

Irrigation: Not as drought tolerant as Zoysia, to maintain a healthy appearance during the hottest months of summer, St. Augustine needs about 1.5 to 2 inches of water a week. On sandy soils it often requires more frequent watering, for example, 3/4 inch of water every third day. A light green-grey color and narrowing of leaves indicate that it is time to water. 



Hot Weather Tolerance :                      Excellent


Sun Requirement :          3 - 4 hours (Excellent)


Wear Resistance :                                        Good


Injury Recovery :                                         Good


Winter Color :                                        Dormant


Mowing Height :                                        3" - 4"

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